The process of applying for naturalization can feel daunting with all of the requirements. Each case is different of course, but there are some basic requirements that are common to mostly all cases. Here are a few of those core requirements:
1. Be 18 years old or older at the time of filing the “Application for Naturalization”
2. Be a lawful permanent resident (have a “green card”).
3. Demonstrate continuous permanent residence in the United States for at least 5 years. (In some cases, this may be 3 years if you are married to a U.S. citizen.)
4. Show that you have been physically present in the United States for 30 months. (In some cases, this may be 18 months if you are married to a U.S. citizen.)
5. Show that you have lived for at least 3 months in the state or USCIS district where you claim residence.
In addition to the basic requirements above, applicants for naturalization must be willing to support and defend the United States and its Constitution. You become a U.S. citizen after you take the Oath of Allegiance.
Additionally, the petitioner must be able to read, write, and speak English and your knowledge of U.S. history and government (civics). The civic test is an oral examination. It consists of 10 questions selected from a 50 question test. The petitioner must be able to answer 6 of the questions correctly. So, the applicant can obtain an advanced copy of the test and study it before the naturalization interview. In other words, you’ll get the test questions and answers in advance in order to study.
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